For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but mighty before God to the casting down of strongholds, casting down imaginations, and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ; and being in readiness to avenge all disobedience, when your obedience shall be made full (II Cor. 10:3-6).

Captive Thoughts” is dedicated to bringing every thought captive to Christ through the study of the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms, with primary focus on the Westminster Shorter Catechism. This effort is a compilation of several years of catechetical study conducted at Westminster Orthodox Presbyterian Church, Westminster, California, by its Christian Education Committee and the author of this site.

About this site

In the Sermon on the Mount, the Lord spoke of a wise man who built his house upon a rock; the storms, winds, and floods came, and the house stood its ground. That man was building his life on the teaching of the Lord Jesus, and he stood firm in the face of many trials. It is evident that Christ was speaking both of that moment in time and also of this present age in which we live. Christ knew all the storms that would threaten his people—the gales of scientific pretension, of philosophies such as humanism and materialism, and of all life’s difficulties. Yet every Christian who stands on the teachings of the Lord will overcome the storms of this life. The Savior has promised that His truth is a firm rock; all who build on it will be saved.
The Apostle Paul wrote to Timothy, “Retain the standard of sound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been entrusted to you” (II Tim. 1:13-14). To that end, the Westminster Standards are commended to your study. These Secondary Standards, developed by our fathers in the faith, teach well the Scriptures that are alone “able to make wise unto salvation” (II Tim. 3:15).
There are many studies related to the Westminster Confessions available in book form or on the web. This particular study was originally published for the local congregation of Westminster Orthodox Presbyterian Church in Westminster, California, as weekly devotionals and studies in the Shorter Catechism. The intent of the study is to foster a greater understanding of and commitment to the precious truths of Scripture and the Reformed Faith; to engender deeper family devotions and catechism instruction; and to lend aid towards the memorization and appreciation of Scripture and the Secondary Standards.
Each study begins with an introduction, followed by the catechism question and answer, along with Scripture references; then the question is paraphrased and discussed. Each study concludes with questions based upon the book Training Hearts, Teaching Minds by Starr Meade, published by P&R Publishing, PO Box 817, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865-0817. This book is a 349-page “Family Devotional based on the Shorter Catechism” that breaks down all 107 questions into weekly studies, making use of six concise Monday to Saturday devotions. Obtaining a copy of Training Hearts, Teaching Minds is highly recommended. The book may be purchased from various sources, included P&R Publishing at
For further study, reference is also provided at the end of each study to the applicable and/or parallel section(s) of the Westminster Confession of Faith and Larger Catechism.  In addition to this, another excellent source of online study is available at the Westminster Shorter Catechism Project, placed on the Internet by the Bible Presbyterian Church.  Among other things, it contains the works of such authors as Francis R. Beattie, John Flavel, Thomas Watson, Thomas Boston, James Fisher, Matthew Henry, Thomas Vincent, John Whitecross and Thomas Vincent. Applicable links have been made available under the “Resources” header.
You may use "Search This Blog" to find a specific topic or any one catechism question for review and study. With that, may God bless the efforts taken here to the end that His children may grow in grace and in knowledge of their Lord and Savior Jesus Christ through the use of this study.  May His name be exalted in and through all to His eternal praise and enjoyment to that chief end of man as taught in Westminster Shorter Catechism Question #1, Soli Deo Gloria.
Yours in Christ,
Joe LoGiudice

Ruling Elder, Westminster Orthodox Presbyterian Church